India has experienced rapid growth in industrialization as well as urbanization since last 20 years. Increased industrialization caused additional use of natural resources in terms of raw material and fuel. Exploitation of natural resources, for human consumption, causes direct environmental impacts from change in land use pattern to pollution of air, water and land environment. Secondary consequences of these anthropogenic activities, range from population migration from rural to urban areas, decrease in health status of individuals, loss of biodiversity, water scarcity, uneven growth in rural and urban areas etc.
Increased urbanization requires establishment of infrastructure for optimum water supply and disposal of sewage and solid waste (garbage) generated during day to day activities. Hence, availability and supply of drinking water, effective treatment of sewage to minimize water pollution, transport and disposal of solid waste are to be planned such that, they can be implemented effectively. Industrialization and urbanization have increased overall energy demand. All these infrastructure development and post development consequences cause loss of biodiversity and dependent livelihood.
Science and technology is being used effectively, for finding solutions to constantly encountered problems in different areas of environment. Many research institutions and academic instructions are working on various problems to find out the solution. At the same time many NGOs, are working at grass-root levels, which are working in close proximity of the problem areas or the affected populations as compared to the research or academic institutions. This leads to better understanding of the issues and simple custom made solutions, which can prove to be user friendly and economic.
To be more focused during the conference deliberations, we restrict ourselves to only four aspects of the environment.
In recent years, different parts of India, have been facing different problems related to water. This includes, lacking of potable water supply, draught, flooding, and shortage of drinking water and indiscriminate consumption of groundwater etc. Many organization including national, international organizations are working at global as well as local levels all over India, to find solutions on these issues. These organizations are getting scientific/technical inputs from various research and technical institutes. We expect articles in following:
Despite continuous increase in power generation capacity, the gap between demand and supply of energy is ever widening. Fossil and hydro fuel remains the main source of energy generation in India. Recently more emphasis has been given on use of renewable energy like solar, wind, tidal, biomass for electivity generation. Also, special efforts are being made through rural electrification schemes. Lot of experiments, field trials and actual implementation projects are in progress to optimize energy utilization and energy conservation.
So, publications can be sent from following areas:
Every anthropogenic activity generates some quantity of waste. On an average Indian citizen produces 0.2 – 0.5 kg of waste per day, apart from industrial, biomedical and agricultural waste. Waste management has become a major issue for local bodies, as it causes air, water, and soil pollution, if disposed improperly. Also there are some complex socio-economic issues involved in solid waste management sectors. Lots of efforts are being made by researchers/technocrats, to convert waste into useful resources. Many NGOs are working in collaboration with local bodies, for waste management. Unavailability of lands for landfill sites due to opposition from residents and value of real estate has triggered upsurge of decentralized waste management technologies. Using such technologies will be helpful for effective waste management.
Therefore, we are expecting contributions in:
India is a nation having highly rich biodiversity, housing around 6-12% of world’s species. It also has a rich cultural heritage going back thousands of years. Much of Indian biodiversity is related to the socio-cultural practices of the land. Unfortunately, due to population explosion, climate change and negligent implementation of environmental policies, several species are facing the threat of extinction. This affects the food chain, livelihood and the culture of Indian citizens who depend on local biodiversity. Science and technology can be used for biodiversity conservation through livelihood generation. We expect articles from following subareas: