Use of technology in effective use of water in rural/urban areas, water literacy, innovative/ low cost methods of rain water harvesting, innovative/ low cost methods of water purification for potable purpose, urban decentralized waste water technology solutions, innovative ideas to recycle domestic sewage in urban areas, equipment modifications for use of treated waste water. Use of technology in water shed management etc.
Awareness modules for energy conservations, user friendly devices for energy conservation, small scale energy generation for rural electrification, innovative use of solar, wind, biomass energy for energy generation.
Energy recovery technologies from solid wastes (chemical/physical and biochemical routes), rapid Composting technologies, low cost technologies for value addition/ recycling of solid or liquid wastes, innovations in biomedical wastes management in urban and rural perspective, decentralized solid waste management solutions for cities, innovative methods of recycling of dry solid waste (paper, leather, textile, glass, plastic etc.), PPP models for waste management.
Tools and techniques for sensitization and education of people about biodiversity/its conservation, technologies to support (record, value and map) biodiversity conservation (terrestrial and aquatic), green infrastructure solutions to help conserve the urban biodiversity, web based technologies for biodiversity data management, novel technologies for field data collection, portable components/miniaturizing of research tools in biodiversity research (e.g. smart phone apps for species identification).